Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Sequoiadendron giganteum

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Sequoiadendron giganteum
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Sequoiadendron giganteum
Sequoiadendron giganteum
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Sequoiadendron giganteum

Species Name: Sequoiadendron giganteum
Common Name: Giant Sequoia or Big Tree

Found only in California. The most massive tree in North America needs deep soils and consistent, deep moisture. Thick cinnamon red bark protects tree from fire. High wildlife value. Very long lived.

Plant Family: Taxodiaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 100' H x 75'w.
Growth Habit: Tall, upright, spreading
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Fast
Sun Exposure: Full to part sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining, acidic
Water Requirements: Occasional to regular
Cold Hardy to: 15 degrees F
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Central and Southern High Sierra Nevada
Natural Habitat: Forms overstory in mixed conifer forest especially with favorable soil moisture. From 2700- 9000'



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History
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "A magnificent tree of pyramidal growth, forming a heavy trunk, the bark turning a dull red as the tree ages. Rich bluish green foliage. The largest tree in the world, majestic in all stages of growth. Gallon cans, 60c; 5 gallon cans, $1.75."
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