Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Rhamnus ilicifolia

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Species Name: Rhamnus ilicifolia
Common Name: Holly-leaf Redberry

Tough evergreen accent shrub is low maintenance and beautiful thoughout the year. Pointed holly-like leaves make this a nice barrier plant.

Plant Family: Rhamnaceae
Plant Type: Shrub
Height by Width: 3-10' H x 3-10' W
Growth Habit: Upright, dense
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Moderate
Sun Exposure: Full to part sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining, rocky
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant
Cold Hardy to: 15 degrees F
Flower Season: Spring
Flower Color: Yellow
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Throughout California Floristic Province, Desert Mountains
Natural Habitat: Chaparral, montane forests below 6600'

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Care and Maintenance


History
  • Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: " Taller growing that [Rhamnus crocea], and with larger foliage which resembles somewhat that of the holly leaved cherry, but smaller and of a duller green. Produces quantities of bright red berries in the summer. In the young state the plants are inclined to grow rather scraggy, but thicken up and become quite dense at maturity. Pruning when young is beneficial. Gallon cans, 50c; 5 gallon cans, $1.75."
Other Names


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