Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Rhamnus crocea

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Rhamnus crocea
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Rhamnus crocea

Species Name: Rhamnus crocea
Common Name: Red Berry

An attractive evergreen shrub with an open form and small, dark green leaves. Tolerates full sun to partial shade and needs very little water. Produces bright red (but not edible) berries in summer that birds enjoy.

Plant Family: Rhamnaceae
Plant Type: Shrub
Height by Width: 3-6' H x 6' W
Growth Habit: Open, spreading
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Moderate
Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Soil Preference: Adaptable
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant to occasional
Cold Hardy to: 3,000'
Flower Season: Spring
Flower Color: Yellow
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Outer North Coast Range (Sonoma and Mendocino Counties), Central Western CA, Southwestern CA, Baja, CA
Natural Habitat: Dry washes and canyons below 3000' in Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral, Oak Woodland

Image:songbird_iconA.jpg Image:oak_iconA.jpg Image:butterfly_iconA.jpg Image:clay_iconA.jpg Image:slope_iconA.jpg


Care and Maintenance


History
  • Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "A rather small dense growing shrub with small, bright glossy green foliage. Small whitish green flowers followed by bright red berries in the summer. Creates a pleasing effect when planted around rocks or against a wall. Creates a pleasing effect when planted around rocks or against a wall. Makes an excellent hedge plant and stands trimming well. Thrives under ordinary garden culture and is one of the most desirable of the native shrubs for foliage effect. Gallon cans, 60c."
Other Names
References
  • Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press. 2005.
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