Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Rhamnus californica ssp. californica

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Species Name: Rhamnus californica ssp. californica
Common Name: California Coffeeberry

Forage source for the Pale Swallowtail. Great for screen or slope. Berries are attractive (but not edible) turning from red to purple to black. Great for wildlife.

Plant Family: Rhamnaceae
Plant Type: Shrub
Height by Width: 8-12' H x 4-8' W
Growth Habit: Generally open branching
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Moderate
Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Soil Preference: Adaptable
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant to moderate
Cold Hardy to: 6900'
Flower Season: Spring
Flower Color: Yellowish
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Western California and southwestern Oregon
Natural Habitat: Coastal-sage scrub, chaparral, woodlands, forests. Elevation: below 6900'

Image:songbird_iconA.jpg Image:oak_iconA.jpg Image:butterfly_iconA.jpg Image:clay_iconA.jpg Image:slope_iconA.jpg


Care and Maintenance


History
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "A spreading full crowned shrub of dense growth with rich green foliage. Flowers small, creamy white, follwed by large berries which are at first yellow, then red and finally black when fully ripe. Generally found along ravines and in canyon bottoms. Will grow in shade, even under trees or will stand full sun. Excellent for planting against a wall, thriving without artificial watering or will stand ordinary garden culture. Gallon cans, 50; 5 gallon cans, $1.75."
Other Names
References
  • Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press. 2005.
  • Harlow, Nora and Kristin Jakob. Wild Lilies, Irises, and Grasses: Gardening with California Monocots. Berkely and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. 2003.
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