Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database

Pinus torreyana

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Pinus torreyana
Pinus torreyana

Species Name: Pinus torreyana
Common Name: Torrey Pine

A wonderful pine, cultivated in many other parts of the world. Usually wind-pruned and picturesque near coast. Inland form is open and graceful. Two populations found only in San Diego County.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 35- 50' H x 20-40' W
Growth Habit: Broad, rounded crown
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Fast
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining, rocky
Water Requirements: Occasional to moderate
Cold Hardy to: 35 degrees F
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: List 1B/ RED 3-2-2
Distribution: Southern South Coast Range (Coastal San Diego County); Northern Channel Islands (Santa Rosa Island)
Natural Habitat: Sandstone, coastal scrub, chaparral to 500'

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Care and Maintenance

  • Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "Usually a rather small tree of loose branching habit with long gray green foliage. Found on the bluffs at Del mar in San Diego county and especially recommended for coast planting but will also thrive in the interior. Under cultivation the trees are of very rapid growth sometimes growing into quite large trees. Gallon cans 50c; 5 gallon cans, $1.75. Large boxed specimens, $7.50 to $20.00."
Other Names
  • Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press. 2005.
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