Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database

Pinus radiata

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Species Name: Pinus radiata
Common Name: Monterey Pine

Fast growing. Prefers coastal fog belt. Relatively short lived (50-100 yrs). Use as a specimen, wind break, or grove planting. Mature black bark, deeply grooved. Smog sensitive but wind tolerant!

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 50 - 125' H x 30' W
Growth Habit: Crown irregular, rounded
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Fast
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining
Water Requirements: Occasional to regular
Cold Hardy to: Frost tender
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: List 1B/ RED 3-3-2
Distribution: Central Coast, Channel Islands off Baja coast esp. Cedros and Guadalupe
Natural Habitat: Closed- cone pine forest, oak woodland

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Care and Maintenance

  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "The fastest growing of all the pines. A very handsome tree with abundant rich green foliage. Planted more than any other species of pine, especially good near the coast. Gallon cans, 50c; 5 gallon cans, $1.50."
Other Names
  • Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press. 2005.
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