Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Pinus ponderosa

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Species Name: Pinus ponderosa
Common Name: Ponderosa Pine

Found locally in the San Gabriel and San Bernadino Mtns, Tehachapi, and Los Padres National Forest. Majestic pine defines the American west. Huge trunk plated by its red bark. Dependent on periodic fires to reproduce.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 40-70' H x 20-40' W
Growth Habit: Pointed and pyramidal
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Moderate
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Adaptable
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant to moderate
Cold Hardy to: 15 degrees F
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: Not listed
Distribution: California Floristic Province, except for North Coast, Great Central Valley, and South Coast
Natural Habitat: Mixed conifer and lower mixed evergreen forests, generally absent from serpentine soils, from 450' to 6,900'

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