Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Pinus muricata

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Species Name: Pinus muricata
Common Name: Bishop Pine

Tolerates wind and salt air. Excellent for coastal gardens. Good under inland conditions as well. Fast-growing and nice dense foliage.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 40- 75' H x 20'w"
Growth Habit: Crooked trunk, pyramidal crown
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Fast
Sun Exposure: Full sun; Part sun-inland"
Soil Preference: Well-draining
Water Requirements: Occasional to moderate
Cold Hardy to: Frost tender
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: North Coast, Central Coast, North San Francisco Bay area, Northern Channel Islands, Northern Baja California, Cedros Island
Natural Habitat: Coastal hills, redwood forest, coniferous forest. Closed-cone pine forest, oak woodland, chaparral. Elevation: below 900'

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History
  • Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "Of broad compact growth when young but becoming tall and flat topped with age. A very beautiful tree with rich deep green foliage; especially good near the coast. Gallon cans, 50c; 5 gallon cans, $1.75."
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