Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Pinus monticola

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Species Name: Pinus monticola
Common Name: Western White Pine

The aristocrat of the pines. Likes full sun, high elevations, and snowpack. Distinctive pyramid shape and gray bark.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 100-165' H x 20' W
Growth Habit: Tall with narrow open crown
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining, rocky
Water Requirements: Occasional to moderate
Cold Hardy to: 7500-10,000'
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Klamath Range, High North Coast Range, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Eastern Sierra Nevada , Modoc Plataeu
Natural Habitat: Upper mixed conifer to subalpine forests

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