Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Pinus jeffreyi

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Species Name: Pinus jeffreyi
Common Name: Jeffrey Pine

This long-lived conifer (up to 500 years) has an open, airy form. Bark has a vanilla or pineapple fragrance. Does not tolerate shade or ozone pollution. Important habitat plant for birds and mammals.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 80-140' H x 20' W
Growth Habit: Open, airy
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Moderate
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining
Water Requirements: Moderate to regular
Cold Hardy to: 15 degrees F
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Klamath Range, North Coast Range, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Inner South Coast Ranges, Transverse Range, Peninsular Ranges to Baja
Natural Habitat: Upper mixed conifer, red fir forests, elsewhere on serpentine from 1200-10,000'

Image:songbird_iconA.jpg Image:fragrant_iconA.jpg Image:slope_iconA.jpg


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