Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database

Pinus edulis

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Species Name: Pinus edulis
Common Name: Two Needle Pinyon Pine

Source of edible pine nuts. Nice red-brown bark. Great in containers or garden. Very drought tolerant. Recommended as a specimen or bonsai.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 10'- 40' H x 3-5' w"
Growth Habit: Shrub-like, irregular
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Slow
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining, rocky
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant
Cold Hardy to: 15 degrees F
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: List 3/ RED 3-1-1
Distribution: Desert Mountains (New York Mountains) to Southern Wyoming, Western Texas, Northern Mexico
Natural Habitat: Pinyon and juniper woodland; to 4000-7200'

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