Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Juniperus californica

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Species Name: Juniperus californica
Common Name: California Juniper

Beautiful evergreen shrub or small tree. Mature size depends on root growth-- grows to larger sizes in deep sandy soils. It stays smaller in shallow, rocky soils. Highly recommended for screen, specimen, or bonzai. Tolerates heat, drought, & frost.

Plant Family: Cupressaceae
Plant Type: Tree/Shrub
Height by Width: 5'-25' H x 3'-10' W
Growth Habit: Upright, crooked, dense
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Slow
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining, rocky
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant to occasional
Cold Hardy to: 0 degrees F
Flower Season:
Flower Color:
Endangered?: Not listed
Distribution: Inner NorthCoast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Inner South Coast Ranges, Transverse and Peninsular Ranges, Southern Nevada, Arizona and Baja (Cedros and Guadalupe Islands)
Natural Habitat: Dry slopes, flats, pinyon/juniper woodlands. Found to 5000 feet elevation

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History
  • Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "A spreading shrub branching from the base with tall irregular stems and broad erect but open head. Occasionally grows into a small tree. Foliage deep rich green but glaucous on the young plants. A good subject for a hot dry place. Gallon cans, 50c."
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