Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Bursera microphylla

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Bursera microphylla
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Bursera microphylla
Bursera microphylla
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Bursera microphylla

Botanical Name: Bursera microphylla
Common Name: Elephant Tree

The only species of its family in California. It is an intricate branched small shrubby tree with a short, thick trunk which grows thicker with age. Younger branches are generally reddish in color. The alternate leaves are aromatic with a scent of camphor.

Plant Family: Burseraceae
Plant Type: Small Tree
Height by Width: 15-45' H x 10-20' W
Growth Habit: Upright, some canopy.
Deciduous/Evergreen: Drought deciduous
Growth Rate: Slow
Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Soil Preference: Sandy, rocky
Water Requirements: Very drought-tolerant
Cold Hardy to: 25 degrees F
Flower Season: Early Summer
Flower Color: Pale Yellow-green flowers follow by fruit
Endangered?: List 2.3
Distribution: Western edge of the Sonoran Desert
Natural Habitat: Rocky slopes up to 2,300'

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