Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Berberis fremontii

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Berberis fremontii
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Berberis fremontii
Berberis fremontii
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Berberis fremontii
Berberis fremontii
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Berberis fremontii

Botanical Name: Berberis fremontii
Common Name: Fremont Barberry, Desert Barberry

Attractive shrub with very spiny leaves that are various shades of green, blue and pink. In spring yellow flowers are followed by red to yellow berries that are enjoyed by wildlife. Roots of some species may be mildly toxic.

Plant Family: Berberidaceae
Plant Type: Shrub
Height by Width: 6-10' H x 6' W
Growth Habit: Compact shrub
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Slow
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant
Cold Hardy to: 5,300'
Flower Season: Spring
Flower Color: Yellow
Endangered?: List 3/RED ?-?-1
Distribution: Eastern and Southern Mojave Desert and Penninsular Range
Natural Habitat: Joshua Tree Woodland, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Chaparral

Image:hummingbird_iconA.jpg Image:songbird_iconA.jpg Image:butterfly_iconA.jpg


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History
  • Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "Found on mountain slopes and flats bordering on the Mojave Desert. It forms an erect growing shrub usually with many stems from the base, attaining a height of from 4 to 12 feet and occasionally more. The small leathery leaves are pale gray-green or yellowish gray on both surfaces and furnished with sharp spines. The blossoms are bright yellow, produced in short racemes, appearing from May to June and are follwed by dull brown berries. A good subject for a hot dry place. Gallon cans, 75c."
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