Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Abies magnifica

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Species Name: Abies magnifica
Common Name: California Red Fir

Performs best at high elevations. Beautiful red bark. One of the largest true firs in the world. Can live to 300+ years old. Young trees have elongated crowns, older trees are dome-like.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: To 150' tall
Growth Habit: Tall with dome-like crown
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Slow
Sun Exposure: Sun or shade
Soil Preference: Well-draining, acidic
Water Requirements: Moderate (summer dry)
Cold Hardy to: 8400'
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: Not listed
Distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, East of Sierra Nevada
Natural Habitat: Mixed-conifer to subalpine forests between 3600-8400'

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